Cabbage, Chinese- Tokyo Bekana

Brassica rapa pekinensis Packet

Standard seed packet, 100 seeds

$1.25
In Stock

  • Leaf vegetable
  • Great lettuce alternative
  • Can be eaten raw or cooked

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Description

'Cabbage, Chinese- Tokyo Bekana' seeds

Brassica rapa pekinensis

Synonyms: Brassica rapa chinensis

  • Leaf vegetable
  • Great lettuce alternative
  • Can be eaten raw or cooked

Fast growing non-heading variety with bright green ruffled leaves. Crunchy juicy texture and a sweet mild flavour similar to lettuce. Great alternative to lettuce. Good for baby-leaf production. Can be eaten raw or cooked. 

Seeds per gram: 425
Product code: F5-04

Best Months to Sow
  J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid
Quick Sowing Guide
Method Sow direct or raise seedlings
Sowing Depth 6mm
Season Spring, autumn and summer
Germination 7-14 days @ 7-23°C
Hardiness / Life Cycle Hardy Biennial (usually grown as an annual)
Row Spacing 40cm
Plant Spacing 25cm
Position Part or full sun, well drained soil
Days Until Maturity 40-50 days

*Notes: Protect from caterpillars and aphids. Pick leaves as required. Keep well watered.

How To Grow

How to Grow Chinese Cabbage from Seed

Family: Brassicaceae
Binomial name: Brassica sp.
Life Cycle: Annual

When to Sow Chinese Cabbage Seeds

Chinese Cabbage can be grown year-round in most climates. Avoid planting in extremely hot or cold weather which can affect germination and growth. Use the table below to identify the best time of year to sow Chinese cabbage in your climate.

  JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid

Preparation

Chinese Cabbage plants are best grown in full sun or part shade. Choose a location that will receive at least 3 hours of full sun each day.

Chinese Cabbage plants need a well drained soil enriched with plenty of organic matter. Prepare soil by weeding it thoroughly, digging it over to loosen it and adding aged animal manure or compost. Keep the area free of weeds until planting.

Chinese Cabbage plants can be grown in containers. If possible choose a variety that’s recommended for container growing. Use a good quality potting mix and make sure your container is large enough for mature plants; a minimum of 20 litres is recommended for Chinese cabbage. During the growing season, keep in mind that container grown plants may need additional fertiliser to encourage healthy growth.

How to Sow Chinese Cabbage Seeds

Chinese Cabbage seeds do not require any treatment (eg soaking, stratification) before sowing.

Chinese Cabbage seeds can be sown directly into the garden OR seedlings can be raised in trays or other containers and transplanted to the garden once established.

Sow Direct

  1. Sow seeds directly in the garden 6mm deep and 25cm apart, with rows 40cm apart.
  2. Keep soil moist but never wet or dry.
  3. Seeds should germinate in around 7-14 days at a soil temperature of 7-23°C.
  4. Young seedlings will need protection from pests, pets and weather until they are established.

Raise Seedlings

  1. Fill trays, punnets or jiffy pots with a good quality seed-raising mix, or use soil starter pellets.
  2. Sow seeds 6mm deep.
  3. Keep soil moist but never wet or dry.
  4. Seeds should germinate in around 7-14 days at a soil temperature of 7-23°C.
  5. Transplant seedlings to the garden once they have their first true leaves and are large enough to handle (usually 5-10cm tall).
  6. Plant out, spacing plants 25cm apart, with rows 40cm apart.

How to Grow Chinese Cabbage

Chinese Cabbage plants may need watering during the growing season. Water when the soil is dry about 5cm below the surface (test this by scratching away a little soil with your finger). Water deeply in the early morning or late afternoon. Avoid watering the leaves of plants to avoid fungal diseases. Learn more about watering here.

If soil was well prepared no extra fertiliser should be necessary. In poor soil or to give your plants an extra boost, application of a high-nitrogen fertiliser or one formulated for leafy greens or herbs can be beneficial:

  • Apply slow release fertiliser at the recommended rate when transplanting or when seedlings are 5-10cm tall.
  • Apply liquid fertiliser at the recommended rate and frequency during the growing season.

How to Harvest Chinese Cabbage

Chinese Cabbage should be ready to harvest in approximately 40-50 days.

Non-head forming varieties can be harvested when the leaves are large enough to eat. Outer leaves can be harvested individually by cutting them at the base just above soil level. Alternatively, harvest the whole plant by cutting it at ground level. Head-forming varieties are ready to harvest when the head has formed and the leaves are tightly packed. Harvest whole heads by cutting them at ground level. Chinese cabbage can be stored short term in a perforated plastic bag in the fridge. For long term storage Chinese cabbage can be fermented or pickled.

Common Problems when Growing Chinese Cabbage

Like all plants, Chinese cabbage is susceptible to some pests, diseases and other problems. Below is a list of the most common problems gardeners encounter when growing Chinese cabbage plants:

  • Bitter Leaves
    Bitter taste can be caused by plants growing too slowly, suffering a setback in growth or being harvested too late. Enrich soil with aged manure before planting, ensure plants are watered deeply and regularly, and harvest when they are young and tender.
  • Bolting is when a plant prematurely flowers and goes to seed. Bolting can be caused by a period of extreme weather. Avoid sowing seed until after the danger of frosts has passed or in very hot weather. Water plants regularly and deeply in hot weather to prevent them suffering heat stress.
  • Cabbage moth
    Cabbage moth and cabbage white butterfly have white or grey wings with distinctive markings. They lay their eggs on the underside of leaves. Their caterpillars feed on the leaves, creating large holes and sometimes skeletonising the leaves. Use netting to exclude butterflies and moths or decoys to deter them. Pick the caterpillars off the plants or use an appropriate spray in a selective and targeted way. Read more about cabbage moth and cabbage white butterfly here.
  • Heads not forming
    Heads not forming is usually caused by warm weather or by growing plants too slowly, without adequate water or nutrients. Check to make sure you are growing a head-forming type of Chinese cabbage. In warm climates, grow Chinese cabbage in autumn and spring to avoid extreme temperatures. Water regularly and ensure adequate compost or fertiliser is applied.
  • Slugs and Snails
    Slugs and snails are molluscs that feed on tender leaves and shoots, mostly at night, leaving slimy trails behind them. Control them by removing their hiding places, keeping free range poultry, collecting them by torchlight or by placing traps. Read more about slugs and snails here.
  • Whitefly
    Whitefly is a sap-sucking insect related to aphids. They are often found in large numbers on the underside of leaves and will swarm in clouds when disturbed. Plants may have yellowing leaves or may wilt, and growth will be slowed. Whitefly can be removed with a garden hose or sprayed with soap spray. Badly affected plants should be destroyed. Attracting beneficial insects that will prey on whitefly can be beneficial. Read more about managing whitefly here.

Shipping

We deliver Australia wide.

All orders are dispatched from our warehouse in Knoxfield, Victoria, Australia.

We do not deliver overseas.

Shipping cost is calculated using all the items in your shopping cart and your delivery postcode. The table below outlines the delivery options and costs.

Order dispatch time is currently 1-3 business days plus delivery time.
Please note we are unable to guarantee specific delivery dates, the delivery timeframes below are estimates only.

 

Order contains: Delivery options: Delivery cost per order
    VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, TAS, SA, NT WA
Small seed packets ONLY - Economy Delivery $2.50 or FREE on orders over $20 $5
Parcel Delivery Capped rate of $6.99
Express Delivery $15.00
     

BULK seed, garden supplies, tools, or accessories -

Parcel Delivery

Capped rate of $6.99

Express Delivery

Starting from $15.00
(Calculated by weight)
     
Live Plants - Live plants Capped rate of $10.00

*All orders sent to Western Australia are subject to mandatory inspection and fees by Quarantine WA. These fees are included in all shipping costs above.

**We will replace all orders that are lost or damaged in transit however we will not replace or refund orders simply because they were delivered later than estimated. Full details here.

 

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