Chinese Mustard- Swollen Stem

Brassica juncea Packet

Standard seed packet, 150 seeds

$1.25
In Stock

  • Variety grown for its bumpy stems
  • Strong mustard flavour
  • Can be stir fried or used to make pickles

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Description

'Chinese Mustard- Swollen Stem' seeds

Brassica juncea

  • Variety grown for its bumpy stems
  • Strong mustard flavour
  • Can be stir fried or used to make pickles

A mustard grown for the bumpy swellings that form at the base of its stems in cold weather. The stems can be used fresh in stir fries where they have a strong mustard flavour and crisp texture. Stems are more commonly used to make salty pickles called Zhacai. Also known as Pressed Stem Mustard, Zha Cai, Tsa Tsai or Cha tsai.

Seeds per gram: 500
Product code: C7-06

Best Months to Sow
  J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid
Quick Sowing Guide
Method Sow direct or raise seedlings
Sowing Depth 5mm
Season Summer and autumn
Germination 4-21 days @ 20-24°C
Hardiness / Life Cycle Frost Hardy Annual
Row Spacing 50cm
Plant Spacing 50cm
Plant Height 30cm
Position Full sun, moist well drained soil
Days Until Maturity 100-130 days

*Notes: Protect from aphids, caterpillars and mildew. Stems require a period of cold temperature (10-18°C) to form bumps.

How To Grow

How to Grow Mustard from Seed

Family: Brassicaceae
Binomial name: Brassica spp.
Life Cycle: Annual

When to Sow Mustard Seeds

Mustard is a cool season crop. Use the table below to identify the best time of year to sow mustard in your climate.

  JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid

Preparation

Mustard plants are best grown in full sun or part shade. Choose a location that will receive at least 3 hours of full sun each day.

Mustard plants need a well drained soil enriched with plenty of organic matter. Prepare soil by weeding it thoroughly, digging it over to loosen it and adding aged animal manure or compost. Keep the area free of weeds until planting.

How to Sow Mustard Seeds

Mustard seeds do not require any treatment (eg soaking, stratification) before sowing.

Mustard seeds grow best when they are sown directly into the garden.

  1. Sow seeds directly in the garden 5mm deep and 50cm apart, with rows 50cm apart.
  2. Keep soil moist but never wet or dry.
  3. Seeds should germinate in around 4-21 days at a soil temperature of 20-24°C.
  4. Young seedlings will need protection from pests, pets and weather until they are established.

Mustard is a cool season crop that will bolt in very hot weather. Unless you are growing mustard for seed, do not transplant seedlings or sow seeds outside in very warm temperatures.

How to Grow Mustard

Mustard plants need regular watering during the growing season. Water when the soil is dry about 5cm below the surface (test this by scratching away a little soil with your finger). Water deeply in the early morning or late afternoon. Avoid watering the leaves of plants to avoid fungal diseases. Learn more about watering here.

If soil was well prepared no extra fertiliser should be necessary. In poor soil or to give your plants an extra boost, application of a high-nitrogen fertiliser or one formulated for leafy greens or herbs can be beneficial:

  • Apply slow release fertiliser at the recommended rate when transplanting or when seedlings are 5-10cm tall.
  • Apply liquid fertiliser at the recommended rate and frequency during the growing season.

Tip: If growing mustard for seed, once plants reach their mature height cut back on watering to encourage plants to produce flowers and seed pods. Do not harvest the leaves.

How to Harvest Mustard

Mustard should be ready to harvest in approximately 100-130 days.

Leaves are ready to harvest when they are large enough to eat, and can be harvested as needed. Harvest leaves by pinching off the outer leaves, leaving some on the plant for future growth. Alternatively, harvest whole plants by cutting them just above ground level. Eat mustard leaves as soon as possible after harvesting. Store leaves short term in a perforated plastic bag in the fridge.

Seeds are ready to harvest when the seed pods have dried and turned pale brown. Pick seed pods and crush them between your fingers to release the seeds. Seeds can be used fresh or toasted, added to pickles or used to make mustard condiment.

Common Problems when Growing Mustard

Like all plants, mustard is susceptible to some pests, diseases and other problems. Below is a list of the most common problems gardeners encounter when growing mustard plants:

  • Aphids
    Aphids are small (2-4mm long) sap-sucking insects that congregate on the new shoots or the undersides of leaves. They can cause leaves to wilt or become discoloured, and also excrete honeydew which can attract ants and other insect pests. To manage aphids, remove them by spraying with a garden hose, apply a soap or alcohol spray, or encourage predatory insects to your garden. Read more about aphids here.
  • Bolting is when a plant prematurely flowers and goes to seed. Bolting can be caused by a period of extreme weather. Avoid sowing seed until after the danger of frosts has passed or in very hot weather. Water plants regularly and deeply in hot weather to prevent them suffering heat stress.
  • Cabbage moth
    Cabbage moth and cabbage white butterfly have white or grey wings with distinctive markings. They lay their eggs on the underside of leaves. Their caterpillars feed on the leaves, creating large holes and sometimes skeletonising the leaves. Use netting to exclude butterflies and moths or decoys to deter them. Pick the caterpillars off the plants or use an appropriate spray in a selective and targeted way. Read more about cabbage moth and cabbage white butterfly here.
  • Powdery Mildew
    Powdery mildew is caused by fungal spores reproducing on the leaves of plants. First showing as white spots on leaves, affected areas areas can spread quickly to cover the entire leaf surface. While rarely fatal, powdery mildew can reduce yields. Water plants at soil level (not on the leaves) to prevent spreading spores, allow good air flow between plants, remove affected leaves and if necessary spray with an appropriate fungicide or homemade spray. Read more here about powdery mildew here.

Shipping

We deliver Australia wide.

All orders are dispatched from our warehouse in Knoxfield, Victoria, Australia.

We do not deliver overseas.

Shipping cost is calculated using all the items in your shopping cart and your delivery postcode. The table below outlines the delivery options and costs.

Order dispatch time is currently 1-3 business days plus delivery time.
Please note we are unable to guarantee specific delivery dates, the delivery timeframes below are estimates only.

 

Order contains: Delivery options: Delivery cost per order
    VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, TAS, SA, NT WA
Small seed packets ONLY - Economy Delivery $2.50 or FREE on orders over $20 $5
Parcel Delivery Capped rate of $6.99
Express Delivery $15.00
     

BULK seed, garden supplies, tools, or accessories -

Parcel Delivery

Capped rate of $6.99

Express Delivery

Starting from $15.00
(Calculated by weight)
     
Live Plants - Live plants Capped rate of $10.00

*All orders sent to Western Australia are subject to mandatory inspection and fees by Quarantine WA. These fees are included in all shipping costs above.

**We will replace all orders that are lost or damaged in transit however we will not replace or refund orders simply because they were delivered later than estimated. Full details here.

 

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