Garlic- Rojo de Castro (Bulb)

Allium sativum

Bulb, Supplied Loose (NOT TO TAS, WA)

$5.00
Sold Out

  • Spanish variety
  • Matures mid to late season
  • Rich, nutty flavour
Sold out for 2022, next available late summer 2023
Minimum Order Quantity 2

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Description

Garlic- Rojo de Castro (Bulb)

Allium sativum

NOT TO TAS, WA

  • Spanish variety
  • Matures mid to late season
  • Rich, nutty flavour

A hardneck variety that matures mid to late season, originally from Cordoba in Spain. Bulbs are round and small with silvery skin. Cloves have red to brown skins and a hot, peppery flavour. Cloves can be planted mid-season through winter. Adapted to hot, low-humidity environments from northern NSW to TAS. The name is associated with Fidel Castro; also known as 'Cuban Purple'.


Hardneck - Creole variety.
8-12 cloves per bulb.
Plant March to July; harvest November to February.
Stores 10+ months. 

Product code: Z-GAR-08

Best Months to Plant
  J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid
Quick Planting Guide
Method Sow direct
Sowing Depth 3cm
Season Autumn and early winter
Hardiness / Life Cycle Frost Hardy Perennial (usually grown as an annual)
Row Spacing 20cm
Plant Spacing 10cm
Plant Height 30cm
Position Full sun, very well drained soil
Days Until Maturity 270 days

*Notes: For larger bulbs, remove scape when it begins to straighten.

How To Grow

How to Grow Garlic Bulbs

Family: Amaryllidaceae
Binomial name: Allium sativum
Life Cycle: Perennial (usually grown as an annual)

Garlic varieties can be classified as hardneck or softneck. Hardneck varieties produce scapes (flower stalks), can be strong flavoured, and are better suited to cool climates. Softneck varieties do not produce scapes, are generally milder in flavour than hardneck varieties and are better suited to warm climates.

When to Sow Garlic

Garlic is a cool season crop. Use the table below to identify the best time of year to sow garlic in your climate.

  JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Cool
Temperate
Sub-Tropical
Tropical
Arid

Preparation

Garlic plants are best grown in full sun. Choose a location that will receive at least 6 hours of full sun each day.

Garlic plants need a loose, well drained soil enriched with organic matter. Prepare soil by weeding it thoroughly, digging it over to at least a spade’s depth to loosen the soil, and adding aged animal manure or compost. Organic matter can be dug into heavy soil to lighten it so roots can grow freely. Keep the area free of weeds until planting. If there's any doubt about drainage, mound the soil into rows to plant into, or plant in raised beds.

How to Plant Garlic

Garlic cloves grow best when planted directly into the garden. 

  1. Separate bulbs into individual cloves. Do not plant very small cloves (these can be eaten).
  2. Make small, 3-5cm-deep holes in the soil spaced 10-15cm apart, with rows 20cm apart.
  3. Plant one clove per hole, with the thick end at the bottom and the pointed end at the top.
  4. Smooth over the soil and water in well.
  5. Mulch with an organic mulch such as straw or lucerne.
  6. Shoots should appear in 2-6 weeks.

How to Grow Garlic

Garlic plants may need watering during the growing season. Water when the soil is dry about 5cm below the surface (test this by scratching away a little soil with your finger). Water deeply in the early morning or late afternoon. Avoid watering the leaves of plants to avoid fungal diseases. Learn more about watering here.

If soil was well prepared no extra fertiliser should be necessary. Fertilising can result in excessive leaf growth at the expense of roots forming. In poor soil use a fertiliser low in nitrogen and high in phosphorus, such as blood and bone, applied at the recommended rate.

Hardneck varieties only - Remove scapes (flower stalks) at the base when they begin to curl to encourage bulb formation.    

How to Harvest Garlic

Garlic should be ready to harvest in approximately 270 days.

Bulbs are ready to harvest when the foliage wilts and turns yellow and there are 4 to 6 green leaves remaining. Use a fork to gently lift the entire plant from the bed, shaking off the excess soil. Place the whole plants on wire racks or hang them in bunches, leaving them in a dry cool place for 3-10 weeks to cure. Softneck garlic can then be braided if desired. Trim the roots and stems back to 2.5cm and store in a cool dry place for up to 10 months.

Common Problems when Growing Garlic

Like all plants, garlic is susceptible to some pests, diseases and other problems. Below is a list of the most common problems gardeners encounter when growing garlic plants:

  • Aphids
    Aphids are small (2-4mm long) sap-sucking insects that congregate on the new shoots or the undersides of leaves. They can cause leaves to wilt or become discoloured, and also excrete honeydew which can attract ants and other insect pests. To manage aphids, remove them by spraying with a garden hose, apply a soap or alcohol spray, or encourage predatory insects to your garden. Read more about aphids here.
  • garlic bulb
    Bulbs not forming can be caused by harvesting too early, inconsistent watering or weather, planting bulbs or cloves that are too small, or too much nitrogen during the growing season. Plant varieties suited to your climate, do not over fertilise, water regularly and harvest after the leaves have started to die down.
    If a single large bulb (a ‘round’) has formed, it can be eaten or replanted in autumn to grow into a bulb next season.
  • Rust fungus
    Rust (Puccinia sp.) is a fungal disease that causes brown to orange raised spots or patches to appear on foliage. Fungal spores are spread by wind or water to neighbouring plants, especially in temperatures of 10-20C and when humidity is high. To manage rust, space plants to avoid overcrowding, grow them in the recommended amount of light (eg full sun), do not over fertilise crops, remove dead plants and practice crop rotation. Read more about rust fungus here.
  • Leaves of an onion plant
    Onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) are flying insects less than 1.5mm long with slender pale yellow to light brown bodies. They suck sap from plants, leaving silver patches on the leaves and reducing the productivity and yield of plants. Thrips can live in the inner leaves and leaf folds of alliums, and may also infest bulbs. Wash thrips from affected plants using a garden hose, spread an organic mulch around plants, and encourage predatory mites and lacewings with companion planting.
  • Powdery Mildew
    Powdery mildew is caused by fungal spores reproducing on the leaves of plants. First showing as white spots on leaves, affected areas areas can spread quickly to cover the entire leaf surface. While rarely fatal, powdery mildew can reduce yields. Water plants at soil level (not on the leaves) to prevent spreading spores, allow good air flow between plants, remove affected leaves and if necessary spray with an appropriate fungicide or homemade spray. Read more here about powdery mildew here.
  • Slugs and Snails
    Slugs and snails are molluscs that feed on tender leaves and shoots, mostly at night, leaving slimy trails behind them. Control them by removing their hiding places, keeping free range poultry, collecting them by torchlight or by placing traps. Read more about slugs and snails here.

Shipping

We deliver Australia wide.

All orders are dispatched from our warehouse in Knoxfield, Victoria, Australia.

We do not deliver overseas.

Shipping cost is calculated using all the items in your shopping cart and your delivery postcode. The table below outlines the delivery options and costs.

Order dispatch time is currently 1-3 business days plus delivery time.
Please note we are unable to guarantee specific delivery dates, the delivery timeframes below are estimates only.

 

Order contains: Delivery options: Delivery cost per order
    VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, TAS, SA, NT WA
Small seed packets ONLY - Economy Delivery $2.50 or FREE on orders over $20 $5
Parcel Delivery Capped rate of $6.99
Express Delivery $15.00
     

BULK seed, garden supplies, tools, or accessories -

Parcel Delivery

Capped rate of $6.99

Express Delivery

Starting from $15.00
(Calculated by weight)
     
Live Plants - Live plants Capped rate of $10.00

*All orders sent to Western Australia are subject to mandatory inspection and fees by Quarantine WA. These fees are included in all shipping costs above.

**We will replace all orders that are lost or damaged in transit however we will not replace or refund orders simply because they were delivered later than estimated. Full details here.

 

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