How to Save Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) Seeds

Seed Saving Guide #2688
Family: Asteraceae
Binomial name: Cynara cardunculus

Flower Type Perfect, self-fertile
Pollination Insect pollinated
Isolation Distance 500m
Other Isolation Methods Cover flowers with paper bags and hand pollinate.
Population Required for Viable Seeds 5
Population Required to Maintain Variety 20-50
When to Harvest Leave buds to flower; harvest when seed heads are dry and turn from green to brown.
How to Harvest

Cut the stalks below the seed heads and arrange the seed heads in a single layer on a wire rack or hang them in a mesh bag until completely dry. Remove seeds from the seed heads by hand, or put seed heads in a hessian bag and stand on them to release the seeds.

How to Clean

Screen and winnow to remove the chaff.

Image of Seeds Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

May cross-pollinate with ornamental artichokes and with cardoon (Cynara cardunculus), including weedy plants. Isolation may not be necessary if generic seeds (rather than a specific variety) are desired.

What is Seed Saving?

Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use. 

  • To learn the techniques and methods needed to save seeds in your garden, we recommend reading our seed saving series.
  • To view a combined table of all our seed saving guides view our Seed Saving Chart.
  • To browse our seed saving guides individually click here.