How to Save Capsicum and Chilli (Capsicum baccatum) Seeds

Seed Saving Guide #2761
Family: Solanaceae
Binomial name: Capsicum baccatum

Flower Type Perfect, self-fertile
Pollination Self-pollinated and insect pollinated
Isolation Distance 250m
Other Isolation Methods Isolation cages or cover flowers with paper bags.
Population Required for Viable Seeds 1
Population Required to Maintain Variety 5-20
When to Harvest When fruits ripen to their final colour.
How to Harvest

Cut individual fruits from the plant as they mature. Cut open the fruits and scrape the seeds out; rinse to remove any pulp. Alternatively, blend fruit with water in a food processor fitted with a dough blade. Decant the flesh; repeat several times until water is clear and only seeds remain. Wear gloves when handling seeds and avoid touching eyes and skin; processing seeds outdoors is desirable.

How to Clean

Rinse seeds thoroughly to remove any remaining flesh and spread them on a plate to dry.

Image of Seeds Capsicum and Chilli (Capsicum baccatum)

May cross-pollinate with other capsicum species (Capsicum frutescens, C. chinense and C. annum).

What is Seed Saving?

Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use. 

  • To learn the techniques and methods needed to save seeds in your garden, we recommend reading our seed saving series.
  • To view a combined table of all our seed saving guides view our Seed Saving Chart.
  • To browse our seed saving guides individually click here.