How to Save Celery (Apium graveolens) Seeds
Seed Saving Guide #2704
Binomial name: Apium graveolens
|Flower Type||Perfect, self-fertile|
|Other Isolation Methods||Grow one variety for seed saving; harvest other varieties before they flower.|
|Population Required for Viable Seeds||5|
|Population Required to Maintain Variety||20-50|
|When to Harvest||In the second year when seed heads (umbels) dry and turn brown. Mature seeds are brown and fall easily from the plant.|
|How to Harvest||
Cut stems below individual umbels and spread on a wire screen to dry for a further 5-14 days. Rub the umbels between hands or against a fine screen to release the seeds.
|How to Clean||
Screen or winnow to remove remaining stalks and chaff.
|Image of Seeds|
A cold period of 6-12 weeks below 10°C is required for plants to produce seed. Isolation may not be necessary as few celery plants are left to flower and set seed. Celery may cross-pollinate with celeriac (Apium graveolens).
What is Seed Saving?
Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use.