How to Save Celery (Apium graveolens) Seeds

Seed Saving Guide #2704
Family: Apiaceae
Binomial name: Apium graveolens

Flower Type Perfect, self-fertile
Pollination Insect pollinated
Isolation Distance 500m
Other Isolation Methods Grow one variety for seed saving; harvest other varieties before they flower.
Population Required for Viable Seeds 5
Population Required to Maintain Variety 20-50
When to Harvest In the second year when seed heads (umbels) dry and turn brown. Mature seeds are brown and fall easily from the plant.
How to Harvest

Cut stems below individual umbels and spread on a wire screen to dry for a further 5-14 days. Rub the umbels between hands or against a fine screen to release the seeds.

How to Clean

Screen or winnow to remove remaining stalks and chaff.

Image of Seeds Celery (Apium graveolens)

A cold period of 6-12 weeks below 10°C is required for plants to produce seed. Isolation may not be necessary as few celery plants are left to flower and set seed. Celery may cross-pollinate with celeriac (Apium graveolens).

What is Seed Saving?

Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use. 

  • To learn the techniques and methods needed to save seeds in your garden, we recommend reading our seed saving series.
  • To view a combined table of all our seed saving guides view our Seed Saving Chart.
  • To browse our seed saving guides individually click here.