How to Save Corn (Zea Mays) Seeds
Seed Saving Guide #2707
Binomial name: Zea Mays
|Flower Type||Monoecious (male and female flowers on the same plant), self-compatible|
|Other Isolation Methods||Cover tassels and silks with paper bags and hand pollinate flowers.|
|Population Required for Viable Seeds||10|
|Population Required to Maintain Variety||50-120|
|When to Harvest||When husks dry and change colour from green to tan and kernels are hard.|
|How to Harvest||
Pick ears by twisting them off the plant. Hang ears in mesh bags to dry until kernels are easy to remove from the cob. Remove husks then separate the kernels from the cob by hand or by using a corn sheller, taking care not to damage the kernels.
|How to Clean||
Screen or winnow to remove remaining stalks and chaff. If further cleaning is needed, roll seeds down a felt-lined ramp; the chaff will stick to the felt and the clean seeds can be collected at the bottom.
|Image of Seeds|
What is Seed Saving?
Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use.