How to Save Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Seeds

Seed Saving Guide #2710
Family: Solanaceae
Binomial name: Solanum melongena

Flower Type Perfect, self-fertile
Pollination Self-pollinated and insect pollinated
Isolation Distance 250m
Other Isolation Methods Cover flowers with paper bags.
Population Required for Viable Seeds 1
Population Required to Maintain Variety 5-20
When to Harvest After fruit has ripened, its skin has become dull and its colour has taken on a yellow or brown tint.
How to Harvest

Cut individual fruit from the plant. Cut flesh containing seeds into small cubes and process in a food processor with ample water. Decant several times removing any floating flesh each time and leaving the mature seeds which have settled on the bottom.

How to Clean

Rinse seeds thoroughly to remove any remaining flesh and spread on a plate to dry.

Image of Seeds Eggplant (Solanum melongena)

What is Seed Saving?

Seed saving is the practice of collecting and storing mature seeds from open-pollinated plants. By allowing plants to reach full maturity and harvesting the seeds, they can be cleaned, dried, and stored for future use. 

  • To learn the techniques and methods needed to save seeds in your garden, we recommend reading our seed saving series.
  • To view a combined table of all our seed saving guides view our Seed Saving Chart.
  • To browse our seed saving guides individually click here.